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     第8回~第10回:   健康、スポーツ傷害          [Health, Sport Injuries]

 

HEALTH FACTORS  
 

Exercise

Enough sleep

Maintaining healthy body weight

Limiting alcohol use

Avoiding smoking

World Health Organization

(WHO)

 

 

 

 
HEALTH TIPS
 

Exercise

 

You don't have to belong to a gym club.

Thirty minutes walk every day will to prevent weight gain.

Eat healthy

 

Reduce fat intake, cut down on sugar and eat fruits and vegetables.

This helps reduce cholesterol and blood pressure.

Reduce stress

 

 

Set a time during the day for relaxation.

Accept that there are things that we cannot control.

Manage your time. Avoid time pressure.

Improve sleep

 

Avoid caffeine, alcohol and nicotine that interfere with sleep.

Sleep in a dark clean and quiet environment.

Positive thinking Have an optimistic view of life.  
   
HEALTH PROBLEMS  
   
I have a headache / toothache / backache / stomachache / earache...
He has a pain in his back / tooth / head...
She has a broken / sprained / twisted ankle / wrist...
I have a flu / cold / runny nose / fever / high temperature / sore throat...
I have a bruise / cut / wound.
     

Do you take medicine?

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eye drops

Cream

Syrup

Bandage / plaster

Shot / injection

Pain-killer

Pill / tablet

   

What is the treatment?

 

I am going to see a...

I need to go to hospital.

Dentist

Doctor / physician

I will have a...

 

 

Check-up

Diagnosis

Operation / surgery

   
   
SPORTS INJURIES  

Muscle cramp

 

Involuntary spasm or contraction in muscles.

 

Sprain (Joints)

 

 

Stretch or tear of a ligament.

Ligament: Tissue that supports joints, by connecting bones

and cartilage.

  ankl_liga
   

Strain (Muscle/tendon)

 

 

Stretch or tear of a muscle or tendon.

Tendon: A band of tissue that connects muscle

and bone.

Achilles Tendon

 

 

 

 

achill
   

Shin Splints

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shins ache after running or just sprinting.

Swollen muscles, often from overuse

 

 

 

 

 

 

shin_spl
   
Tear A tissue is pulled or ripped apart by force.
Fracture A crack, break or shattering of a bone