VTS WebTeach


The name of this site stands for: Training Service in health and sports. The contents are intended for academic purposes and distance learning.

Basketball Rules


Play stops on all rules violations with the other team gaining possession.

Ball Handling Violations

Double Dribble - When a player stops dribbling, holds the basketball, and then starts dribbling again or when a player dribbles the ball with two hands at the same time.

Traveling - Taking more than one and a half steps without dribbling while the player has possession of the ball or when you stop dribbling and move or change your pivot foot.

Back Court - When the team with possession of the ball travels over the midcourt line into the frontcourt and then crosses back into the backcourt.


Time Violations

Three-Second Rule - No offensive player can be in the free-throw lane for longer than 3 seconds at a time.

Five-Second Possession Violation - When a ball handler is being defended within six feet in the frontcourt, and fails to get rid of the basketball within five seconds.

Ten-Seconds In The Backcourt - When the offensive team takes ten or more seconds to move the basketball across the midcourt line into the front court.

Five-Second Inbound Violation - When passing the ball inbounds after gaining possession, players have five seconds to get the ball to a teammate.


Space or Lane Violation

Lane Violation - During a free throw situation, if you enter the lane too soon, it's called a lane violation and results in a turnover or the other team gets another free throw attempt.



Play stops on all fouls.

After a foul is committed and depending on the type of foul, one of two things will happen. A. The opposing team will gain possession of the ball, or B. The fouled player shoots free throws.


Common Fouls

Shooting Foul - When a defender makes contact with an offensive player who is in the act of shooting the basketball.

Technical Foul - Violations and misconduct that are detrimental to the game. These are penalized by free-throw opportunities.

Reaching In - When a defender attempts to steal the basketball and the defender extends their arm and hand and makes contact with the opposing ball handler.

Charging - Happens when an offensive player runs into a defender who has an established position.

Holding - When a player uses their hands to interfere with or limit an opponent's freedom of movement.

Hand Check - When a defender uses one or both hands on the opposing the ball handler.

Blocking - When a player uses their body position to prevent their opponent from advancing down the court.

Flagrant Foul - A foul committed in an violent and harmful manner.


Free Throw Situations

Free throws are awarded for on the various fouls and account for approximately 1/4 of the points scored in a game.


Two (or Three) Free Throws are awarded when a player is fouled in the act of shooting and the shot is unsuccessful

And-One – when fouled in the act of shooting and the shot is successful, the basket counts and one free throw is awarded.

Technical Fouls – two free throws are awarded on technical fouls. The opposing team has option of naming the player to shoot the free throw attempts.

Double fouls - when players on opposite teams commit personal fouls simultaneously. The personal fouls are recorded but no free throws are awarded.